"Moral Authority is never retained by any attempt to hold on it. It comes without seeking and is retained without effort"..Mahatma Gandhi
Serving the Industry with Integrity
Ms. Anusha Mishra, Marketing Executive - Editor for the month
Impact of Green Chemistry and white Biotechnology on Chemical Industry

The Chemical Industry has come under increasing pressure to make chemical production more eco-friendly due to its reliance on Fossil resources, its environmentally damaging production processes and its toxic byproducts and waste. The sustainability of the Chemical Industry requires an integrated strategy that takes into account safety, health and environmental benefits with technological and economic objectives.

The concept of 'Green Chemistry' was introduced in the early 1990s by the US Environmental Protection Agency, in order to promote Chemical Technologies that reduce or eliminate the use or generation of hazardous substances in the design, manufacture and use of chemical products. Its guiding rule is prevention rather than cure. Green Chemistry field includes: modifying engineering practices, the development of new catalytic processes, the design of new Green chemicals and materials, use of sustainable resources, modification of existing chemical processes, use of biotechnology alternatives and bioremediation. Though Green Chemistry is primarily aimed at environment protection, it also makes economical sense, due to considerable savings on wastewater treatment, energy use, and use of organic carbon resources instead of fossil stocks.

White Biotechnology, also called industrial Biotechnology, is at a relatively early stage in the chemical industry. But it has the potential as a key driver to the industrys future. Industrial applications of Biotechnology today include Bio-feedstock that replace fossil fuel, Bioprocesses such as fermentation for Vitamin production, Biocatalysis in active Pharmaceutical Ingredient production and other applications in Textiles and Leather, Animal Feed, Pulp and Paper, Energy, Metals, Minerals and Waste Processing.

Industrial Biotechnology can provide the process tools for Bio-based production of chemicals. The chemical industry in Europe, which contributes 28% of the demand for chemicals in the world, has identified Industrial Biotechnology as a key emerging technology area. There are sufficient amounts of biomass to generate about 40 percent of bulk chemicals, according to McKinsey & Company estimates. The potential environmental benefits of shifting to Bio-Feedstock are substantial.

The new industrial Revolution is quietly underway, as Biotechnology brings innovation in the Chemical Industry. In a challenging environment where companies struggle to achieve efficiency and cost savings while maintaining an environmentally sound operation, Biotechnology may provide new strategy for value creation.

Market Updates - Chemicals
  • National Aluminum Company (NALCO), the country's largest public sector aluminum company, has entered into a joint venture with Gujarat Alkalies and Chemicals Limited (GACL) for setting up a caustic soda plant and a captive power plant at Dahej. The total investment in the project will be to the tune of Rs 1,789 crore.
  • Exports fell for the eighth straight month by 10.3 percent in July to USD 23.13 billion, pushing the trade deficit to USD 12.81 billion. Sectors that suffered the brunt of this trade decline include petroleum products, leather and leather goods, marine products and chemicals. Over the months, global slowdown played a key role in pulling our exports down and concerns are now even deeper with China devaluing its currency by nearly 6 percent last week.
  • Deepak Nitrite in a communication to the BSE said that its Board of Directors on August 7 had approved setting up of a project to manufacture phenol and acetone at a cost of about Rs. 1,200 crore. The proposed unit would be set up at Dahej in Gujarat. The capacity of the phenol plant would be 2 lakh MPTA and that of the co-product acetone 1.20 lakh MPTA.
  • Gujarat Heavy Chemicals Ltd (GHCL), a manufacturer of inorganic chemicals and textiles, will invest 1,050 crore over the next few years for expansion of soda ash and textile capacity.
  • The Brahmaputra Cracker & Polymer is setting up its manufacturing facilities of Ethylene and Propylene at Dibrugarh in Assam. The project involves an investment of Rs.89.2 billion and will add a capacity of 220 thousand tonnes of ethylene and 60 thousand tonnes of propylene. The Project is expected to be completed by September 2015.
Market Updates - Animal Feed
  • UK Based leading feed ingredites producing company, AB Vista has opened its first office in India, following extensive growth in the region during the past eight years..
  • India to become world's largest Animal Feed Market Growth prospects are brilliant on the future of India's feed sector; as the industry gears towards becoming a US$30 billion business by 2020, and with a compound annual growth rate of 8%, India may eventually position as the biggest feed market in the world.
  • India to clamp down on wheat imports with 10% duty Sufficient supplies of wheat in India has prompted the government to consider imposing a 10% import duty on the grain since a tariff was last implemented eight years ago
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    International Exhibition Centre, Bangalore, India
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    From 21 - 23 Sept 2015 at Kuala Lumpur Convention Centre, Malaysia.
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